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Third Party Presidential Candidates

NameParty or PartiesYear(s)
William WirtAnti-Masonic1832
James G. BirneyLiberty1840, 1844
Martin Van BurenFree Soil1848
John HaleFree Soil1852
Millard FillmoreAmerican (Know-Nothing)1856
John C. BreckinridgeSouthern Democratic1860
John BellConstitutional Union1860
Victoria WoodhullEqual Rights1872
James B. WeaverGreenback, Populist (People's)1880, 1892
Benjamin ButlerGreenback1884
Clinton B. FiskProhibition1888
Alson J. StreeterUnion Labor1888
John BidwellProhibition1892
Eugene V. DebsSocialist1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1920
John WoolleyProhibition1900
Silas SwallowProhibition1904
Thomas WatsonPopulist1904, 1908
Eugene ChafinProhibition1908, 1912
Arthur ReimerSocialist Labor1912, 1916
Theodore RooseveltProgressive (Bull Moose)1912
Allan L. BensonSocialist1916
J. Frank HanlyProhibition1916
William Z. FosterCommunist1924, 1928, 1932
Robert LaFolletteProgressive, Socialist1924
Norman ThomasSocialist1928, 1932, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948
Verne ReynoldsSocialist Labor1928, 1932
John AikenSocialist Labor1936, 1940
Earl BrowderCommunist1936, 1940
William LemkeUnion1936
Claude WatsonProhibition1944, 1948
Edward TeichertSocialist Labor1944, 1948
Farrell DobbsSocialist Workers1948, 1952, 1956, 1960
Henry A. WallaceProgressive1948
Strom ThurmondStates Rights1948
Eric HassSocialist Labor1952, 1956, 1960, 1964
Henry KrajewskiPoor Man's, American Third1952, 1956
Darlington HoopesSocialist1952, 1956
Douglas MacArthurConstitution, America First1952
E. Harold MunnProhibition1964, 1968, 1972
Eugene McCarthyIndependent, Consumers1968, 1976, 1988
George WallaceAmerican Independent1968
Dick GregoryFreedom and Peace1968
Eldridge CleaverPeace and Freedom1968
Gus HallCommunist1972, 1976, 1980, 1984
John SchmitzAmerican Independent 1972
Benjamin SpockPeople's1972
John HospersLibertarian1972
Lyndon LaRoucheUS Labor, National Economic Recovery, Independent1976, 1984, 1988, 1992
Ben BubarProhibition1976, 1980
Lester MaddoxAmerican Independent1976
John AndersonIndependent1980
Ed ClarkLibertarian1980
David McReynoldsSocialist1980, 2000
Earl DodgeProhibition1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004
Delmar DennisAmerican1984, 1988
Ed WinnWorkers League1984, 1988
Larry HolmesWorkers World1984, 1988
Ron PaulLibertarian (1988), Various and Write-In (2008)1988, 2008
Lenora FulaniNew Alliance1988, 1992
James WarrenSocialist Workers1988, 1992
Jack HererGrassroots1988, 1992
John HagelinNatural Law1992, 1996, 2000
Howard PhillipsU.S. Taxpayers, Constitution1992, 1996, 2000
Andre MarrouLibertarian1992
Ross PerotIndependent, Reform1992, 1996
Isabell MastersLooking Back1992, 1996
Ralph NaderGreen, Reform, Independent1996, 2000, 2004, 2008
Harry BrowneLibertarian1996, 2000
James HarrisSocialist Workers1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012
Monica MooreheadWorkers World1996, 2000
Pat BuchananReform2000
Michael BadnarikLibertarian2004
Bob BarrLibertarian2008
Chuck BaldwinConstitution2008
Cynthia McKinneyGreen2008
Gary JohnsonLibertarian2012
Jill SteinGreen2012
Roseanne BarrPeace and Freedom2012
Virgil GoodeConstitution2012

This list does not purport to be a complete list of all third party general election candidates throughout history. It does attempt to list those that received at least approximately 1% of the vote, those candidates who are/were prominent for other reasons, or those candidates who have run multiple times.

Also, although he did not run as a third party candidates, Harold Stassen ran in the Republican primaries numerous times.

Click here for resources about specfic political parties.

Related Information

"Democracy Unbound: Progressive Challenges to the Two Party System" book

"Two Parties-Or More? The American Party System" book

"Losers: The Road to Everyplace but the White House" book

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